Beware, 7 The disease When Flooding | Ministry of Health, particularly the Directorate General of Disease Control and Environmental Health (PP & PL), again reminding the public of the threat of infectious diseases during the flood season.
Through electronic messages to Kompas.com, Wednesday (04/04/2012), Director General of PP and PL Prof. Dr. Tjandra Yoga Aditama said it also reminded the whole range of health care in the area and the technical implementation unit (UPT) P2PL DG-related issues availability of logistics, personnel preparedness enhanced surveillance for mapping vulnerable areas, and improved coordination, both across programs and across sectors.
In addition, P2PL also will alert the rapid response team at every level, to take immediate action when the discovery of a potential threat to the possibility of an increase in infectious diseases.
Tjandra explained, there are some infectious diseases to watch out for the public in relation to flooding and anticipation as the following steps:
1. Diarrhea. Diarrhea disease is closely associated with individual hygiene (personal hygiene). In the rainy season with high rainfall, the potential for increased flooding. At the time of flooding, sources of public drinking water, especially drinking water from shallow wells, will also corrupted. In addition, at the time of the flood evacuation would normally occur with limited facilities and the facilities department, including the availability of clean water. It all becomes a potential cause of diarrheal disease with rapid transmission.
Anticipations: the public are reminded to remain vigilant and avoid the attack of diarrheal diseases in a way, first, get used to washing hands with soap every time they eat or drink and after defecating. Second, get used to boil drinking water to the boil every day. Third, keep the environment clean, avoid piles of garbage in your neighborhood. fourth, contact the nearest health worker immediately if any symptoms of diarrhea.
2. Dengue fever. During the rainy season, usually there will be increased brood where Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is mosquito-borne dengue fever. This is because during the rainy season, much like the garbage cans, old tires, and certain places and there is a pool filled with water for some time. Puddle of water that eventually becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes. With the increasing population of mosquitoes as transmitters of disease, the risk of infection also increased.
Anticipations: The community actively participating with the movement of 3 M, which buried the cans, drain the water reservoirs on a regular basis, and close the water storage in the meeting. In addition, the community is expected soon to bring family members to the health facility when one is ill with symptoms of high fever for no apparent reason, accompanied by signs of bleeding.
3. Leptospirosis disease. Leptospirosis disease is caused by bacteria called leptospires. This disease is one of zoonotic diseases transmitted by animals or for animals. In Indonesia, the animal is a rat-borne primarily through the feces and urine. In the rainy season, especially during floods, the rats that live in burrows of land will come out to save themselves. Mice will be hanging around human excrement and urine that mixes with water flooding. Someone who has a wound, then play or submerged in flood water that was mixed with feces or urine of mice that contain bacteria lepstopira, potentially infected and falling ill.
Anticipations: To avoid the onset of the disease leptospirosis, people are encouraged to perform anticipatory measures as follows: First, suppress the population and avoid the rats that roam the neighborhood, to always maintain the cleanliness. Second, avoid playing in the water during a flood, especially if you have injuries. Third, use protection, such as shoes, when forced to enter flooded areas. Fourth, immediately go to health facilities when sick have sudden symptoms of fever, headache, and chills.
4. Acute respiratory infections (ARI). The cause of ARI may baerupa bacteria, viruses, and various other microbes. The main symptoms can be btuk and fever. If severe, it may or may be accompanied by shortness of breath, chest pain, and others.
Handling: Rest, symptomatic treatment according to symptoms, and may be required to address the causes of causal treatment; increase endurance, and prevent transmission to the people around (eg by covering your mouth when you cough, do not spit at random). Factors such as the gathering of many people in flood-shelter also play a role in transmission of respiratory infection.
5. Skin diseases. Skin diseases can be infectious, allergic, or other forms. If the flood season comes, then the main problem is that good hygiene is not maintained. As well as the ISPA, gathering a lot of people also play a role in transmission of skin infections.
6. Other gastrointestinal diseases such as typhoid fever. In this case, food hygiene factors play an important role.
7. Worsening of chronic diseases that may indeed have suffered. This happens because the lower resistance due to a prolonged rainy season, especially when flooding for days.
Tjandra also recalls that people always maintain a clean healthy living behaviors (PHBs), eat a good, clean, adequate rest, and always do the hand washing with soap (CTPS). Instead, make CTPS while before eating, before preparing food, after defecation, after cleaning a child, and after being a dirty environment and animal environment.