In developed countries like the United States, stroke number third as a cause of death. While in Indonesia, stroke is the leading cause of death and top cause of disability.
"It takes a strategy for dealing with stroke. Data in Indonesia showed that 8.3 per 10,000 people suffer a stroke," said dr. Dani Ekawati Yulianti, SpS, neurologist MRCCC Siloam Hospital Semanggi, while seminar Healty Healthty Brain for Life, in Jakarta, Saturday (14/01/2012).
In fact, as much as 23 percent of patients who were hospitalized due to stroke resulted in death.Eka said
There are many risk factors that lead to stroke such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and excessive alcohol consumption. However, these risk factors can actually be altered by treatment of lifestyle.
Here are some Strategies to Prevent Stroke as revealed by dr. Eka:
1. Healthy and Balanced Diet
Healthy and balanced diet can mean eating lots of fruits and vegetables, low fat milk, low cholesterol and low sodium (daily salt intake should not exceed 2300 mg or about 1 teaspoon)
2. Regular physical activity
With moderate exercise (30-60 minutes accumulated) 4 to 7 days a week. For example, brisk walking, jogging, biking, swimming. For high-risk patients is recommended to follow a medically supervised program.
3. Weight Control
Maintain a Body Mass Index (BMI) in the range of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2 and a waist circumference of less than 80 cm for women and less than 90 cm for men (standard and South East Asia).
4. Stop Smoking
Smoking is one of the biggest trigger factor for stroke. Soon as possible to quit smoking and live in an environment free from tobacco smoke. There are several ways to stop smoking with nicotine replacement therapy (gum, patch) and behavioral therapy.
5. Limit Alcohol Consumption
Consuming alcohol is actually not be a problem as long as not excessive. Consumption of alcohol should be enough two standard glasses or less per day. For men with no more than 14 drinks per week. While for women less than 9 drinks per week.
6. Control of Hypertension
Lowering high blood pressure to target less than 140/90 mmHg (without other comorbidities).
7. Blood Sugar Control
For diabetics, the target of more aggressive blood pressure reduction of less than 130/80. Blood sugar control target of HbA1c <6.5 percent.
For people with high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia), the provision of statins and lifestyle modifications to target LDL cholesterol levels less than 100 mg/dl.
Quoted from kompas.com